Strength and Conditioning for Soccer Players

With England reaching a major Final in 55 years. here’s a paper on Football and S&C from 2014

Authors:

Anthony N. Turner, MSc, CSCS and Perry F. Stewart, MSc, CSCS

Summary

Soccer is characterized as a high-intensity, intermittent, contact team sport that requires a number of proficient physical and physiological capabilities to perform successfully. Apart from the necessary technical and tactical skills required, soccer players must also develop and retain a high level of aerobic and anaerobic conditioning, speed, agility, strength, and power.

These are best developed through high-intensity interval training, small-sided games, repeated sprints, coached speed and agility sessions and strength and power-based gym sessions. Soccer coaches and strength and conditioning coaches must work cohesively to ensure a structured and effective program is adhered to.

Click on the link for the full paper : Strength and Conditioning for Soccer Players

 

 

Concurrent Training Intensities: A Practical Approach for Program Design

National Strength and Conditioning Association

VOLUME 42 | NUMBER 2 | APRIL 2020

ABSTRACT Sports performance is influenced by the interaction of several physical variables.

For this reason, most sports need both strength and endurance capacities to maximize overall performance.

Therefore, a combination of resistance and aerobic training, usually called concurrent training (CT), has been used recently as a way of simultaneously improving strength and aerobic performances according to the needs of a specific sport. This combination can be challenging and can influence training adaptations, being a problematic issue for coaches.

The main objective is to provide coaches with a practical proposal for CT to improve athletes’ performance in different sports.

Strength and conditioning professionals have been advised to prescribe programs that include both strength and aerobic training concurrently to obtain better results with more efficiency and quickness .

For this reason, coaches and professionals should know how to program a specific CT regarding volume, intensity, duration, periodization models, to conjugate the loads, and to obtain increased performances. Thus, the main objective of this article is to provide the knowledge and recommendations to enable coaches to efficiently design a CT training regime that will improve sports performance.

To read the full article: Click on the Link: Concurrent Training Intensities A Practical

Use of Loaded Conditioning Activities to potentiate middle – and Long – Distance Performance : A narrative review and practical applications.

A study in Endurance Review:

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research: 33(8)/2288–2297 

In this study, the authors looked at the use of a loaded conditioning activity (LCA), which elicits a post-activation potentiation (PAP) response to acutely enhance explosive power performance.

Despite the limited number of studies that have been conducted in this area, the tentative conclusion is that well-trained middle- and long-distance athletes are likely to obtain some benefit, particularly during the early stages of a performance, by including a loaded conditioning activity (LCA) in their warm-up routine.

Despite the limited number of studies that have been conducted in this area, the tentative conclusion is that well-trained middle- and long-distance athletes are likely to obtain some benefit, particularly during the early stages of a performance, by including a loaded conditioning activity (LCA) in their warm-up routine.

It is recommended that middle and long-distance athletes experiment with a warm-up protocol that involves a 5–10-minute self-paced warm-up at a low intensity (60% maximum heart rate) followed 5–10 minutes later by an LCA.

It is likely that a short bout of high-load resistance exercise (4–6 sets 3 5RM) or series of sprint efforts (4–6 sets x 10-secs), which include the addition of a light-moderate load will elicit a PAP response. A recovery of 5–10 minutes should be permitted after the LCA to ensure that fatigue has dissipated sufficiently to realize a benefit to performance.

Use of Loaded Conditioning Activities

A Tactical Periodization Approach for Rugby Union

By Jason C. Tee, PhD, Michael Ashford, MSc, and David Piggott, PhD
Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom

This is one of the most interesting papers I have come across concerning periodization in Rugby Union. Not many papers on the subject.

ABSTRACT : THE CONCEPT OF TACTICAL PERIODIZATION HAS BEEN POPULARIZED BY A NUMBER OF SUCCESSFUL, HIGH-PROFILE SOCCER COACHES. MORE RECENTLY, REPORTS HAVE INDICATED THAT TACTICAL PERIODIZATION APPROACHES ARE BEING USED WITHIN ELITE RUGBY UNION. HOWEVER, FEW REPORTS CURRENTLY EXIST, AND RESOURCES FOR COACHES INTERESTED IN USING A TACTICAL PERIODIZATION APPROACH

Figure 4. Proposed structure of a tactical periodization training week for rugby.`
Figure 5. Roles of technical/tactical and strength and conditioning coaches in
collaborative planning for tactical periodization.

Author’s Conclusion
The idea of Tactical Periodization has been made popular recently by a number of high-profile soccer coaches and, with Jones’ recent work, seems to be making its way into rugby union. However, very few reports of Tactical Periodization currently exist, and only scant material is available for coaches interested in application. In this article, we have therefore tried to show how Tactical Periodization can be applied in rugby union to help coordinate long-term planning, improve the relevance and efficiency (specificity) of training, and prepare players more effectively for competition.










An Investigation Into the Effects of Excluding the Catch Phase of the Power Clean on Force-Time Characteristics During Isometric and Dynamic Tasks: An Intervention Study

An interesting paper, The aims of this study were to compare the effects of the exclusion or inclusion of the catch phase during power clean (PC) derivatives on force-time characteristics during isometric and dynamic tasks, after two 4-week mesocycles of resistance training. Two strength matched groups completed the twice-weekly training sessions either including the catch phase of the PC derivatives.

before and after intervention, respectively. In contrast to the hypotheses, there were no meaningful or significant differences in the percentage change for any variables between groups. This study clearly demonstrates that neither the inclusion nor exclusion of the catch phase of the PC derivatives results in any preferential adaptations over two 4-week, in-season strength and power, mesocycles.

J Strength Cond Res 32(8): 2116-2129, 

An_Investigation_Into_the_Effects_of_Excluding_the…..

Eight Week Battle Rope Training Improves Multiple Physical Fitness Dimensions and Shooting Accuracy.

Another Article from the Journal of Strength and Conditioning and Research 32(10): 2715–2724, 2018

A high-intensity interval training, power rope, total body training.

This study investigated whether battle rope (BR) training enhances multiple physical fitness dimensions, including aerobic capacity (AC), upper-body anaerobic power (AnP), upper-body and lower-body power, agility, and core muscle endurance, and shooting accuracy in basketball players and compared its effects with those of regular training (shuttle run [SR]).

In this study, the authors assigned 30 players to a battle rope training group or a shuttle-run training group. Both groups were assessed for a number of fitness components & shooting accuracy. The findings were:

·        Shuttle run group demonstrated improvements for aerobic capacity & upper body anaerobic power.

·        Battle-rope group demonstrated improvements for aerobic capacity, upper body anaerobic power, lower body anaerobic power, core endurance & shooting accuracy.

The authors believe that improved core endurance may have led to better shooting accuracy due to “favourable trunk stability during the shooting process.”

Eight_Week_Battle_Rope_Training_Improves_Multiple.4

Partial Compared with Full Range of Motion Resistance Training for Muscle Hypertrophy:

A Brief Review and an Identification of Potential Mechanisms:

Newmire, Daniel E.; Willoughby, Darryn S.

The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research: September 2018 – Volume 32 – Issue 9 – p 2652–2664

Very Interesting Article:

“Most of previous research has primarily focused on strength outcomes opposed to muscle hypertrophy. The purpose of the review is to highlight the limited and relative pROM (partial range of motion) literature on hypertrophy and some potential pROM mechanisms that require investigation to assess any plausible relationships. Some potential mechanisms and outcomes of interest are muscle time under tension, muscle activation, and nonuniform hypertrophy. This mode of resistance exercise requires further evaluation on hypertrophic responses; if proven efficacious, it may be employed to those in rehabilitative environments and those that seek more specific regional, local hypertrophic responses such as physique competitors.”

Partial Compared with Full Range of Motion.