Match and Training Injuries in Women’s Rugby Union: A Systematic Review of Published Studies

Another interesting study originating this time from Australia aimed at Women’s Rugby specifically a systematic review of all published studies until July 2019. To understand the conclusions read the full study.

Authors: Doug King · Patria Hume · Cloe Cummins · Alan Pearce · Trevor Clark · Andrew Foskett · Matt Barnes 


There is a paucity of studies reporting on women’s injuries in rugby union.


The aim of this systematic review was to describe the injury epidemiology for women’s rugby-15s and rugby-7s match and training environments.


Systematic searches of PubMed, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science Core Collection, Scopus, CINAHL(EBSCO) and ScienceDirect databases using keywords.


Ten articles addressing the incidence of injury in women’s rugby union players were retrieved and included. The pooled incidence of injuries in women’s rugby-15s was 19.6 (95% CI 17.7–21.7) per 1000 match-hours (h). Injuries in women’s rugby-15s varied from 3.6 (95% CI 2.5–5.3) per 1000 playing-h (including training and games) to 37.5 (95% CI 26.5–48.5) per 1000 match-h. Women’s rugby-7s had a pooled injury incidence of 62.5 (95% CI 54.7–70.4) per 1000 player-h and the injury incidence varied from 46.3 (95% CI 38.7–55.4) per 1000 match-h to 95.4 (95% CI 79.9–113.9) per 1000 match-h. The tackle was the most commonly reported injury cause with the ball carrier recording more injuries at the collegiate [5.5 (95% CI 4.5–6.8) vs. 3.5 (95% CI 2.7–4.6) per 1000 player-game-h; χ2(1) = 6.7; p = 0.0095], and Women’s Rugby World Cup (WRWC) [2006: 14.5 (95% CI 8.9–23.7) vs. 10.9 (95% CI 6.2–19.2) per 1000 match-h; χ2(1) = 0.6; p = 0.4497; 2010: 11.8 (95% CI 6.9–20.4) vs. 1.8 (95% CI 0.5–7.3) per 1000 match-h; χ2(1) = 8.1; p = 0.0045] levels of participation. Concussions and sprains/strains were the most commonly reported injuries at the collegiate level of participation.


Women’s rugby-7s had a higher un-pooled injury incidence than women’s rugby-15s players based on rugby-specific surveys and hospitalisation data. The incidence of injury in women’s rugby-15s and rugby-7s was lower than men’s professional rugby-15s and rugby-7s competitions but similar to male youth rugby-15s players. Differences in reporting methodologies limited comparison of results.


Women’s rugby-7s resulted in a higher injury incidence than women’s rugby-15s. The head/face was the most commonly reported injury site. The tackle was the most common cause of injury in both rugby-7s and rugby-15s at all levels. Future studies are warranted on injuries in women’s rugby-15s and rugby-7s.

Study :Full Paper



Wednesday Rehab – Grumpy Knees

Greetings following the last series on Upper Body we now switch our attention to our lower body, it’s about time we dealt with one of the most common of client, trainer and even physiotherapist complaints – grumpy knees! We will devote a good series to this challenging and vast topic. Today I need you to tell me quickly about YOUR sore knee so be prepared!

We are about keeping it practical, but with some intelligent, researched, creative and compassionate opinions from colleagues who are Rehab Trainer Educators (some of who have Grumpy Knees!).

The kind of topics I see us tackling over the next month (or three) are:

  • Common Pain Presentations of the Modern Personal Trainer – YOU 😉
  • Knees – the Icebergs of the lower limb!
  • Knees over Toes in squat and lunge?
  • Common functional movement dysfunctions of the knee to correct
  • Latest relevant knee rehab research. 
  • Understanding noises and swelling inside your knees.
  • Novel new Cues for enhancing inhibited quads
  • Building balanced quadriceps
  • Athletic late stage knee rehab

On the ground research about the common types of pain that fit people like you get.

Please fill in the attached Survey and send it back:


Quick Knee Questionnaire for You to do right now


I want to hear about YOUR knee pain – email me back right now:

  1. Where it hurts on your knee/s (front, back, inside, outside); any click?

    Answer: ____________________

  2. How severe the pain is out of 10 (e.g.. 8/10 if it really stops you doing the movement)

    Answer: _/10

  3. When (how long ago?) and how it began (what activity)

    Answer: ____________________

  4. What makes it worse?

    Answer: ____________________


Thank you!

Looking forward to your quick reply on Knee Pain summary so we can all be wiser as to how to deal with this scourge on the fitness industry. This info tells me what types of topics might interest you in this Grumpy Knee Series…