ORIGINAL RESEARCH: Factors Related to Average Concentric Velocity of Four Barbell Exercises at Various Loads
Authors CHRISTOPHER A. FAHS, 1 JULIA C. BLUMKAITIS,2 AND LINDY M. ROSSOW1
1 Department of Exercise Science, Lindenwood University Belleville, Belleville, Illinois; and
2 Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri
The resistance exercise load is the primarily determinant of the average concentric velocity (ACV) during a repetition. It is unknown whether individual factors such as training experience or
anthropometrics also influence the ACV. It also explains how age, frequency, limb length, height, and relative strength relate to concentric barbell velocities at varying loads.
These results suggest that the load-velocity profile is unique for each of these exercises, and that velocity ranges used for exercise prescription should be specific to the exercise. A trainee’s relative strength and height may be a primary influence on the ACV.
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